Class Topic: Paris Peace Conference (WWI)

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Class Topic: Paris Peace Conference (WWI)

Post  Sarah Marti Roy on Sun Apr 12, 2015 10:44 pm

Following the allied victory in WW1, Great Britain, France, and the United States had differing national interests as they entered the Paris Peace Conference in 1919. How did their interests differ? How did the final resolutions of peace settlement in Paris seem likely to lead to future conflict?

World War I or “Great War” started on July 28, 1914 and ended on November 11, 1918. This was the fist global conflict that lead to a war, it was the deadliest war ever fought before due to the new technology that emerged during that time. The war’s alliances were the Central Powers of Germany, Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire (Triple Alliance) against Great Britain, the United States, France, Russia, Italy and Japan (Triple Entente).

The war ended with Germany singing an armistice and surrendering. The war was lost because more than a million American forces pored into France and they were going for Germany. The fighting had to stop while peace terms were being figured out. The forces of the Triple Alliance had to sign the Treaty of Versailles.

The Paris Peace Conference was what lead next. It was a meeting that 32 different countries met in Paris to decide the final settlement of the war. Germany was not invited and Russia was in the middle of a civil war. Germany, who wasn't even present, was blamed for starting the war.

In this meeting, there were three men whom made most of the important decisions; David Lloyd George, Woodrow Wilson and George Clemenceau. They all attended the meeting with their own goals and missions to accomplish. Woodrow Wilson was the president of the United States of America and he was more idealistic, he had 14 points. He wanted peace, he wanted democratic government and an association of nations. David Lloyd George was the newly elected prime minister of Great Britain. He had more of an easy and simple plan, make Germany pay for all of the reparations for this war. George Clemenceau was the premier of France and his goal was to gain protection and security since they were boarding their enemy. He expressed that his people could at any second suffer from Germanys aggression. He wanted Germany stripped of their weapons. He also mentioned that Germany should be held responsible and should pay for this war.

The three men didn't get exactly what they all wanted, but they did make a compromise. Woodrow Wilsons goal was achieved on January 25th 1919, a League of Nations was created to prevent any future global conflict that could lead to war. George Clemenceau got some French security in this compromise. David Lloyd George also got a fair share because Germany had to sign the Treaty of Versailles.

Germany was forced to sign the Treaty of Versailles because if not, they would loose all their trade relationships. Therefore, they signed the Treaty of Versailles which stated the War Guilt Clause which meant that they started the war, they had to pay reparations for the war and they were ordered to reduce their army to 10,000 men, eliminate their airfare and shorten their navy.

Many say that the final treatment wasn't fair to Germany which lead to future conflicts which then lead to global conflicts. The arrangements against Germany was too harsh and they should have been invited to the Paris Peace Conference to at least defend them selves with some reasons of their own.
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Sarah Marti Roy
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NICE

Post  Joshua T on Mon May 04, 2015 3:11 pm

Lloyd George, Wilson, and Clemenceau all walked into the conference with goals. It was impossible for them all to get what they wanted. Therefore, they had to compromise.

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