Paris Peace Conference (WWI) Class Topic --MARCH--

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Paris Peace Conference (WWI) Class Topic --MARCH--

Post  Joshua T on Wed Apr 08, 2015 11:57 am

Following the allied victory in WW1, Great Britain, France, and the United States had differing national interests as they entered the Paris Peace Conference in 1919. How did their interests differ? How did the final resolutions of peace settlement in Paris seem likely to lead to future conflict?


    World War I was also known as the First World War or the Great War. The war lasted four years, three months, and two weeks. It started on July 28th, 1914 and ended on November 11th, 1918. The Great War was a global war that took place in Europe, Africa, the Middle East, the Pacific Islands, China, and off the coast of South and North America.


    On November 11th, 1918 Germany signed an armistice to end the fighting. This signaled the end of the war. In January 1919 representatives of the victorious allied nations met in Paris to make a final settlement of the Great War. These nations included France, Great Britain, and United States. The representative of France was Georges Clemenceau. Georges Clemenceau was the French Premier.  The representative of Great Britain was David Lloyd George. David Lloyd George was the Prime Minister of Great Britain. United States was represented by Woodrow Wilson. Woodrow Wilson was the President of the United States. These representatives made the most important decisions at the Paris Peace Conference.


    Each representative from these three nations came into the meeting with their own ideas and goals to achieve. Georges Clemenceau wanted security from Germany. He wanted Germany to be stripped from their weapons. He also wanted Germany to pay for all of the damage that was caused by the war. David Lloyd George wanted Germany to cover the cost of the war. Woodrow Wilson wanted to establish lasting peace in Europe. He believed this could only be accomplished by establishing democratic governments and creating a League of Nations. A League of Nations would be an association of nations. In this situation, it would be impossible that every representative got what they wanted. The three representatives had to compromise for a solution.

   
   Germany was punished severely. Germany was forced to sign the War Guilt Clause. The War Guilt Clause declared that Germany (and Austria) were responsible for starting the war and the outcome of the war. Germany was also ordered to pay reparation for all the damages that the allied governments and people sustained during the war. On top of all of that Germany was demanded cut down their army size to 100,000 men, cut off their navy, and eliminate their air force. Germany believed that all these punishments were very harsh.

   
    The final resolutions of the peace settlement in Paris seemed likely to lead to future conflict because Germany was completely abused. The Germans believed that these decisions were very harsh. They were taken advantage of and had to take the guilt for the war. They weren't even allowed to attend the Paris Peace Conference. It set the perfect stage for Germany to seek revenge in the near future once they have reestablished their economy.

Joshua T
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