Class Topic: Paris Peace Conference

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Class Topic: Paris Peace Conference

Post  CicelyS on Wed Apr 08, 2015 11:35 am

Following the allied victory in WW1, Great Britain, France, and the United States had differing national interests as they entered the Paris Peace Conference in 1919. How did their interests differ? How did the final resolutions of peace settlement in Paris seem likely to lead to future conflict?

The Paris Peace Conference was a meeting between the allies and victors of World War One. It took place at the Palace of Versailles in 1919. The main goal of the conference was to settle land with the fallen nations (Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire and the reshaping of Germany), to make sure another war like this one didn’t happen again, and to figure out what to do with Germany. The three main interests where those of France, United Kingdom, and USA. Georges Clemenceau, France’s leader, wanted security. This was due to the fact that France was bordering Germany and didn’t want any attacks. Woodrow Wilson, President of the USA at that time, came up with fourteen points which would ensure world peace. Many people scoffed at his ideas and told him he was being unrealistic, but it is because of him that the League of Nations (now known and the UN/United Nations) was formed. He wanted to make sure that something like this would never take place again, but as we all know, this did not turn out so well since World War II took place a couple decades later. Lloyd George, the Prime Minister of Great Britain at the time, simply wanted Germany to pay reparations. France supported this idea, and it was certainly followed through. Germany was already at rock bottom and the necessity of paying the reparations took a great toll on their economy.


A bit later, five treaties were drawn up:
• the Treaty of Versailles, 28 June 1919, (Germany)
• the Treaty of Saint-Germain, 10 September 1919, (Austria)
• the Treaty of Neuilly, 27 November 1919, (Bulgaria)
• the Treaty of Trianon, 4 June 1920, (Hungary)
• the Treaty of Sèvres, 10 August 1920; subsequently revised by the Treaty of Lausanne, 24 July 1923, (Ottoman Empire/Republic of Turkey).

The treaty of Versailles was the harshest of them all. This basically laid the guilt of the war of Germany and instructed that they must cut down on their army, pay, and destroy their navy. After the war, Germany was already in such a bad place and after the Treaty of Versailles, one can only imagine what kind of state the country was in. Many blame this treaty for causing World War II. It is true that the resolutions of the conference were harsh and greatly focused on Germany and this definitely could have caused angst and hatred among Germans, causing them to lash out and create the next World War. Those who represents their countries in the conference should have been able to admit that Germany was not the sole cause of the war and other countries should have been held responsible. Those who reacted are just as guilty as Germany was. What is a good result of the war and the conference was that now war is the last resort and much less common. May WWI and WWII be an example to all those who think violence is the answer, when a much more simple and peaceful solution is just around the corner.

Internet Source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paris_Peace_Conference,_1919

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CicelyS
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Nice

Post  Joshua T on Mon May 04, 2015 3:24 pm

Wilson, Clemenceau, and Lloyd George each went into the conference with their own goals. At the end of the day if they wanted to come down to an agreement, they had to compromise.

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