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Post  TamaraG on Sun Oct 26, 2014 9:17 pm

Phoenicia was an ancient Semitic civilization. All major Phoenician cities were on the coastline of the Mediterranean, some colonies reaching the Western Mediterranean. It was a trading culture that spread across the Mediterranean from 1550 BC to 300 BC. The Phoenicians used the galley, a man-powered sailing vessel, and are credited with the invention of the bireme. They were famed in Classical Greece and Rome as 'traders in purple', referring to their monopoly on the precious purple dye of the Murex snail, used, among other things, for royal clothing, and for their spread of the alphabet (or abjad), from which almost all modern phonetic alphabets are derived.


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