Social Classes in France (1789)

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Social Classes in France (1789)

Post  Dominique on Sun Jun 01, 2014 10:27 pm

                 The social structure in France consisted of three different social classes, or Estates. People were divided into the first, second, and third estates. The first estate consisted of the clergy (130,000 out of 27 million); they owned 10% of the land and were only a small part of the French revolution. The second estate was made up of the nobility (350,000); their titles were inherited and they gained wealth from their land. Lastly, the third estate (rest of people) was made up of France’s common people. It included wealthy merchants, whose wealth rivaled that of the nobility doctors and lawyers, shopkeepers, the urban poor, the peasants who worked the land. They made up about 95% of the French population. This social structure led to discontent because the Third Estate was made up of the poorest French citizens and they were the ones who had the burden of having to pay all of the taxes. The First and Second Estates were the ones who received all of the privileges including the ownership of land while the Third Estate had to work the land.


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