The Morse Code

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The Morse Code

Post  laraschembrisant on Thu Mar 06, 2014 1:09 pm

In 1836, Samuel Morse demonstrated the ability of a telegraph system to transmit information over wires. The information was sent as a series of electrical signals. The Morse code was in use for many years, and provided an essential means of communication. Some people have even called it the Victorian Internet because it enabled world-wide communications in a way never before possible. Along with this it was used to send many historic and interesting messages. American Samuel Finely Breese Morse (1791-1872) invented the telegraph and this code in 1836. It was succssfully tested on 24 May 1844, when Morse himself sent the first message between Washington DC and Baltimore: "What has God wrought?" The most well known Morse code phrase is SOS (save our souls). SOS was chosen because the code for it — three dots followed by three dashes followed by three dots — is unmistakable as anything else and recognizable even to those who do not know the code. Before electric telegraphy, most messages that traveled long distances were entrusted to messengers who memorized them or carried them in writing. These messages could be delivered no faster than the fastest horse. In the United States, the Morse telegraph was successful for a number of reasons, including its simple operation and its relatively low cost. By 1851, the country had over 50 telegraph companies though most telegraph business was controlled by the Magnetic Telegraph Company, which held the Morse patents. Telegraph operators created shorthand that endures today in completely unrelated settings. One example is the use of "30" by reporters to mark the end of their copy. This was code for I have no more to send. Morse code is still used today by the Maritime, Military and Amateur Radio Services. The code can also be sent by light, using short or long flashes to denote dots and dashes.

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Re: The Morse Code

Post  Dominique on Fri Mar 28, 2014 1:21 pm

Great job, Lara! Did you know that Samuel Morse began to experiment at making a machine that could allow him, and everybody around him to communicate without the need of pen and paper. He was motivated to do this the day the his wife passed away. He came up with the idea of a single wiere telegraph while he was traveling on a sea voyage. He came up with the concept of long-distance communcation after he got the news of his wife passing away.
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