Feminism in France during the French Revolution

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Feminism in France during the French Revolution

Post  laraschembrisant on Fri Jan 24, 2014 2:31 pm

The status of women underwent significant change in the years between 1789 and 1804. Woman had obtained the legal right to marry without parental consent, initiate divorce, name the father of an illegitimate child and secure monetary compensation for the seduction, and own property. Primogeniture which is the right, by law or custom, of the firstborn child to inherit the family estate, in preference to siblings was abolished along with the nobility, and equality of succession laws insured that female heirs would be allowed to inherit. The women of Paris had traditionally been much involved in street politics, especially if the issue centered around survival. They expressed their opinions and channeled their energies through petitions and demonstrations. The Revolution heightened the political activity of women. They threw themselves into the spirit of the times, taking as their own the issues with which their husbands were grappling. For this reason, a woman's social class usually determined which issues she chose to embrace and fight for.
 Most of these issues were defined in the "cahiers des doleances" collected by the government when the Estates-General were summoned in May 1789. The grievances of the entire country were listed. Although women were denied representation in the Estates-General and had a much lower literacy rate than men, they made certain that their concerns were included in the "cahiers". It is in these notebooks that the wide difference between reforms desired by the women and those desired by noble women becomes evident. The market women demanded protection of their professional rights through the reestablishment of medieval trade guilds and complained about their work conditions, filthy hospitals, and the social injustice of having daily to work while others earned money through taxes and lived lazy, extravagant lives. In contrast to the practical concerns and frustrations of the working women, the requests of aristocratic women focused on civil rights issues such as obtaining the vote, representation, equality in marriage, and initiating divorce.

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Re: Feminism in France during the French Revolution

Post  laraschembrisant on Fri Jan 24, 2014 2:33 pm

http://www.rci.rutgers.edu/~jemjones/jonesj_01_510_333_01_abray_feminism.pdf
http://www.oc.edu/dotAsset/6a592d16-7e38-4895-80a0-725db224c24b.pdf

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Re: Feminism in France during the French Revolution

Post  Dominique on Sat Mar 01, 2014 3:42 pm

The French Revolution clearly did not only inspire the peasants to revolt against their harsh and unfair treatment but it also was a cry for justice that rose from the women of France. Even though there have been all of these revolutions to fight for womens' rights, it seems like still, today, there are people out there who see women as inferior to men. Hopefully, with time it will come to people's minds that gender, race, and personal prefferences have nothing to do with what a person is able to do. Great job, Lara!
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Re: Feminism in France during the French Revolution

Post  martinka64_Kate on Mon Mar 03, 2014 11:41 am

Feminism in France is quite an interesting topic. Today there are so many feminists and they even have different protests all over the world.
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