Egyptian Kingdoms

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Egyptian Kingdoms

Post  laraschembrisant on Fri Oct 25, 2013 2:45 pm

Around 3100 BC, Upper and Lower Egypt was unified by King Menes into one kingdom and created the first royal dynasty; a family of rulers whose right to rule is passed within the family.
The Old Kingdom (2700 BCE-2200 BCE):  The age of prosperity and splendor. At that time, Pharaohs had enjoyed the absolute power and they were considered as the representatives of the God on the earth. A government of bureaucracy developed; an administrative organization with officials and regular procedures. Egypt was divided into 42 provinces run by governors appointed by the pharaoh. To preserve the physical body of dead they practiced mummification. During this period a huge number of pyramids were built. Money to build all these great monuments was taken from the treasury.  Pyramids were built mainly at Giza of Egypt. The first step pyramid was built by king Djozer. The three great pyramids of Khufu, Menkaura and Khaefra were also built during this period of time. Amongst all the pyramids, the 481 feet tall pyramid of Khufu was the biggest. These great pyramids were built with limestone, the burial chambers were built with granite and the outer castings were carved out of fine limestone. Even today, the archaeologists and scientists are unable to discover the actual process of building such great pyramids. It’s surprising that more than two millions of stone blocks, each weighing about two and half tons were used to build such of these great pyramids. The Pharaohs chose Memphis, which was located at the meeting point of the Lower and Upper Egypt, as their capital.
The Middle Kingdom (2055 BC-1650 BC): When the Old Kingdom collapsed there was a period of disorder for about 150 years. Finally a new dynasty gained control of Egypt. Egyptians later portrayed the Middle Kingdom as a golden age of stability. Egypt strengthened its army base to protect herself from the enemies. The trade along with arts, science and literature flourished. During this time period the pharaohs became wise rulers. Those pharaohs came from Thebes and they brought their local God Amun with them. Amun gained power. People started believing him and began to worship as the king of the Gods. During The Middle Kingdom, the pharaohs were buried inside the hidden tombs instead of expensive pyramids. These intelligently hidden tombs were very hard to discover.


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