Benito Mussolini (1883-1945)

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Benito Mussolini (1883-1945)

Post  NellieBennett on Mon Apr 29, 2013 10:27 pm

Benito Mussolini was originally a marxist. By 1909 he was convinced that a national rather than an international revolution was necessary. He edited all of the Italian Socialist party newspapers. In October 1922, Mussolini threatened a coup d'etat, the military to take over the state. The March of Rome was held, and 25,000 Black Shirts staged demonstrations throughout the capital. King Victor Emmanuel III offered position of Prime Minister to Mussolini. Mussolini used his position as prime minister to create a Fascist dictatorship. He was made head of government with power to make laws. Police gave unrestricted authority to arrest and jail anyone for political or nonpolitical crimes. In 1934, to help increase the Italian population, Mussolini imposed a special tax on bachelors. In 1938, he enacted a law that limited women to no more than ten percent of higher paying jobs in government and industry. He told women to stay at home and help the Italian population grow. The first sentence pronounced by children at school was "Let us salute the flag in the Roman fashion; hail to Italy; hail to Mussolini."

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