Rise of Rome

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Rise of Rome

Post  martha hildreth on Wed Mar 13, 2013 3:16 pm

Italy has a wide terrain of fertile land; most important there is the Po river valley, plain of Latium, and the region of Campania. Italy was not divided into many small peninsulas like Greece, and it had a lot more fertile land, which allowed to contain a larger population. Italy had a path to the ocean that was easy to maintain from attacks because of its position, built on seven hills. Also it was situated where the Tiber River would be easy to cross, making a crossing point between northern and southern Italy.

The Greeks came to Italy at around 750 B.C. They gave the Romans many ideas for their literature, sculpture, architecture, and with their alphabet. However, the Etruscans, who were located north of Rome in Etruria, gave most of the development. From them, the Romans took the way of dressing, which was the toga and short cloak, and the way of organizing their army.

Rome is said to be ruled by seven kings, and two of them where Etruscans. In 509 B.C Rome overthrew these last kings and established a republic, in which some citizens have the right to vote. This was the beginning to the new era. When this republic was establish Rome began to have enemies. Romans fought against the people from the Apennines and soon were victorious; this gave them a large portion of land in the Italian Peninsula. Soon they made contact with the Greeks at the south and fought against them too. At around 264 they had overcome the Greeks and taken control over southern Italy. Rome allowed some people, specially the Latins, to participate in the citizenship and the remaining communities allied with them, as Rome made them feel like if it was an honor being part of them. And this is how they organized their first confederation.

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Re: Rise of Rome

Post  Dominique on Sun Mar 17, 2013 11:32 am

Great job Martha! I thought that the Romans had gone into war with the Greeks, and that was how they took part of their culture, but now it's clearer to me. I think that the Romans were an amazing, enormous civilization and they added a lot to today's culture and way of thinking. Most of this;however, came from the Greeks.
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