temple of Zeus

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temple of Zeus

Post  martha hildreth on Sun Nov 25, 2012 8:38 pm

Peisistratus built the temple of Zeus at around 470 B.C. to 456 B.C., although Cossotius a roman architect finished it. It has a hexastyle with columns at the sides that measure 10.43 m high. Greeceā€™s most famous sculptor Phidias made a statue of Zeus, and worked on this for 12 years. His throne was 22 ft. wide cedar wood, inlaid with precious stones and decorated with gold, ivory, and ebony carvings of lesser gods, heroes, and mystical animals. In front of this throne there was a pool filled with olive oil, this pool was made to reflect the light into the statue. According to mythology architects made this temple so that zeus would see and rule over the Olympian games that took place every four years, and this is what he did until 392 A.D. when the games where abolished as Theodosius I considered them pagan. This temple is similar to greece architecture and has some influence from the temple of Parthenon, temple of Artemis, and Ephesus. This temple had remarkable carvings that showed the twelve labors of Hercules, due to this it is considered Doric architecture.


Archeologists have found remains of the temple but nothing from the statue of the god Zeus. Many believe that this temple was abolished by Theodosius I when he ordered all the temples to be destroyed in 426 A.D. other records suggest that Lausus took it to Constantinople where it was demolished in a huge fire that occurred around 475 A.D.


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martha hildreth
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