The Boston Tea Party

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The Boston Tea Party

Post  EricCuevas41 on Sat Oct 06, 2012 5:31 pm

Victory in the French and Indian War was costly for the British. At the war's end in 1763, King George III and his government looked to taxing the American colonies as a way of paying off their war costs. They were also looking for ways to regain control over the colonial governments that had become more independent while the "Mother Country" was distracted by the war. A series of actions including the Stamp Act (1765), the Townsend Acts (1767) and the Boston Massacre (1770) agitated the colonists, straining relations with the mother country. But it was the attempt to tax tea that made the colonists jump into action and laid the groundwork for the American Revolution. The colonies refused to pay the money required by the Townsend Acts claiming they had no obligation to pay taxes imposed by a Parliament in which they had no representation. The Pariament then took back all taxes except for the tea tax becuase it was their ability and right to tax the colonies. In May of 1773 Parliament made a clever plan. They gave the struggling East India Company possesion of the importation of tea to America. Also, Parliament reduced the duty the colonies would have to pay for the imported tea. The Americans would now get their tea at a cheaper price than ever before. However, if the colonies paid the duty tax on the imported tea they would by showing Parliament's right to tax them. Tea was a staple of colonial life - it was assumed that the colonists would rather pay the tax than deny themselves the pleasure of a cup of tea. The colonists were not fooled by Parliament's trick. When the East India Company sent shipments of tea to Philadelphia and New York the ships were not allowed to land. In Charleston the tea-laden ships were permitted to dock but their cargo was consigned to a warehouse where it remained for three years until it was sold by patriots in order to help finance the revolution. In Boston, the arrival of three tea ships angered the colonists. The crisis came to a head on December 16, 1773 when as many as 7,000 locals where furious about where the ships were docked. A mass meeting at the Old South Meeting House that morning resolved that the tea ships should leave the harbor without payment of any duty. A committee was selected to take this message to the Customs House to force release of the ships out of the harbor. The Collector of Customs refused to allow the ships to leave without payment of the duty. The committee reported back to the mass meeting and a group of about 200 men, some disguised as Indians, assembled on a near-by hill. Whopping war chants, the crowd marched two-by-two to the dock, descended upon the three ships, and dumped their offending cargos of tea into the harbor waters. Most colonists cheered with the actio but London was enraged. In March 1774 Parliament passed the Intolerable Acts which among other measures closed the Port of Boston. The fuse that led directly to the explosion of American independence was lit.

Question:

Why do you think some colonists dressed up as indians before marching to the docks?

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Re: The Boston Tea Party

Post  LauraNoaBassano on Sun Oct 07, 2012 9:22 am

Why do you think some colonists dressed up as indians before marching to the docks?

I think they dressed up like indians to represent their origins and their anger against the colonist who took every natural source away from them.
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