GREAT ZIMBABWE

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GREAT ZIMBABWE

Post  HelenaD on Sat Oct 06, 2012 4:37 pm

I took notes on different websites i found that had information on the Great Zimbabwe.


GREAT ZIMBABWE

~Ruins of Great Zimbabwe

-They are located to the south of Africa are the ruins of an ancient existing empire, near the Limpopo River.

-They are known today as Great Zimbabwe, which means “great stone buildings”.

-The looming walls, great palace, and cone-shaped towers were amazing structures of the powerful and prosperous capital of that empire.

~Economy

-They raised cattle and built stone walls to protect livestock.

-Had gold resources and very profitable commercial links with coastal cities.

~Government

It is not sure exactly how the empire was ruled but some scholars have suggested ideas:

-The ruler might have been a god-king who presided over a large court.

-He had a queen mother that shared the power with him + nine queens that had their own courts.

-There might have also been a central bureaucracy with an inner ring of provinces, and other authorities ruling distant villages.

~Religion

-Beleived in many gods.

-The chiefs of their "states" were to be honored as if they were gods too because they were very important to them

~Fall of the empire

Many opinions are told about how it might have happenned:

-Over farming, which might have exhausted the soil into which crops were being grown.

-Loss of trade.

-Population growth increased to the maximum, and there weren’t enough food supplies due to the decrease of the soil.

This is a picture of what is left of the empire today ->

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QUESTION
: Do you know any other old civilization or empire? If you do, tell me some facts about it. Smile

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Re: GREAT ZIMBABWE

Post  MariaelenaFarina on Sat Oct 13, 2012 2:00 pm

The earliest Greek civilizations thrived nearly 4,000 years ago. The Ancient Greeks lived in Greece and the countries that we now call Bulgaria and Turkey.

The Ancient Greece empire spread over Europe as far as France in the East. The Greek Empire was most powerful between 2000 BC and 146 BC
The ancient Greeks developed new ideas for government, science, philosophy, religion, and art.

Ancient Greece was split into many different states, each one was ruled in its own way. Each state had its own laws, government and money but they shared the same language and religion. The two most important city states were Athens and Sparta.

Legacy of the Ancient Greeks - (How Ancient Greece influenced modern day culture.)

The influence of the Ancient Greeks are still felt by us today. The major impact in our lives today are in the arts, in philosophy, and in science, math, literature and politics.

Trial by Jury

Greek Myths

Democracy
The word 'democracy' is Greek. It means 'government by the people. We have a form of democracy in Britain, and this is a legacy of the Athenians and their assemblies and councils.

Tragedy and Comedy

Theatre
The word 'theatre' is Greek. Most modern theatres follow the Greek plan.

The Olympics
The first Olympic Games were held in 776 BC at the Greek city of Olympia.

Marathon
Pheidippides ran from Athens to Sparta to ask for help against the Persians just before the Battle of the Marathon (490 BC).

Building styles (Architecture)
Throughout the world, buildings have been constructed in the style of Ancient Greece. The British Museum is an example of this.

The first alphabet with vowels
The Ancient Greeks played an important part in the development of the alphabet. The first two letters of the Greek alphabet - alpha and beta - have given us the word 'alphabet'.

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The Etruscans

Post  LauraNoaBassano on Sun Oct 14, 2012 10:43 am

Do you know any other old civilization or empire? If you do, tell me some facts about it.
AGRICULTURE:
  • The Etruscans figured out how to increase their food supply: control the water.
  • More water control = more food = more people = more soldiers= greater military power.

LANGUAGE AND WRITING:
  • The Etruscan language is probably the most intriguing aspect of Etruscan culture.
  • Only 20 or so distinct characters are known.
  • Only a few hundred complete words have been recovered.
  • Practically the last known person who could read Etruscan was the Roman Emperor Claudius (10 BC-AD 54).

ARCHITECTURE:
  • The Etruscans introduced tiled roofs to Italy. Tiled roofs protected the perishable wooden building underneath.

ART:
  • The Etruscans loved the Greeks.
  • More Greek vases have been found in Etruscan tombs and sites than have been located in Greece itself.

FASHION:
  • Men and women of the upper classes tended to dress alike. They wore long flowing garments, gold jewelry, long sandals with upturned toes.

NUMBERS:
  • Etruscan dice have been discovered, so they had some kind of numbering system. It was probably a decimal system.
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