Martin Luther's 95 Thesis

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Martin Luther's 95 Thesis

Post  NellieBennett on Mon Oct 01, 2012 10:12 pm

Martin Luther was a monk in the Catholic Church and a professor at the University of Wittenberg in Germany, where he lectured on the Bible. Luther did not see himself as a rebel, but he was greatly upset by the widespread selling of indulgences. The Catholic Church authorized Johann Tetzel, a monk, to sell indulgences to raise money to build St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome. Tetzel told the church that their purchases would free the souls of their loved ones from purgatory.

On October 31, 1571, Luther, his Ninety-five Theses public by posting it on the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg. Thousands of copies were printed and spread to all parts of Germany. By 1520, Luther began to move toward a more definite break with the Catholic Church. Through all the calls for change, Luther continued to emphasize his new doctrine of salvation. He said, it is and not good works, that justifies and brings salvation through Christ.

In January 1521 the pope excommunicated him from the Church membership. He was also summoned to appear before the legislative assembly of the Holy Roman Empire. However, Luther refused. Finally, in June 1524, German peasants revolted against their lords and looked to Luther to support their cause. Instead, Luther supported the lords.

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95 Theses

Post  MariaelenaFarina on Sat Oct 06, 2012 10:18 am

Nice post, Nellie! As a reply, I am posting a modern translation of the first 30 of Martin Luther's Theses.

1. When Jesus said "repent" he meant that believers should live a whole life repenting

2. Only God can give salvation - not a priest.

3. Inwards penitence must be accompanied with a suitable change in lifestyle.

4. Sin will always remain until we enter Heaven.

5. The pope must act according to canon law.

6. Only God can forgive -the pope can only reassure people that God will do this.

7. A sinner must be humbled in front of his priest before God can forgive him.

8. Canon law applies only to the living not to the dead.

9. However, the Holy Spirit will make exceptions to this when required to do so.

10. The priest must not threaten those dying with the penalty of purgatory.

11. The church through church penalties is producing a ‘human crop of weeds’.

12. In days gone by, church penalties were imposed before release from guilt to show true repentance.

13. When you die all your debts to the church are wiped out and those debts are free from being judged.

14. When someone is dying they might have bad/incorrect thoughts against the church and they will be scared. This fear is enough penalty.

15. This fear is so bad that it is enough to cleanse the soul.

16. Purgatory = Hell. Heaven = Assurance.

17. Souls in Purgatory need to find love - the more love the less their sin.

18. A sinful soul does not have to be always sinful. It can be cleansed.

19. There is no proof that a person is free from sin.

20. Even the pope - who can offer forgiveness - cannot totally forgive sins held within.

21. An indulgence will not save a man.

22. A dead soul cannot be saved by an indulgence.

23. Only a very few sinners can be pardoned. These people would have to be perfect.

24. Therefore most people are being deceived by indulgences.

25. The pope’s power over Purgatory is the same as a priest’s.

26. When the pope intervenes to save an individual, he does so by the will of God.

27. It is nonsense to teach that a dead soul in Purgatory can be saved by money.

28. Money causes greed - only God can save souls.

29. Do we know if the souls in Purgatory want to be saved ?

30. No-one is sure of the reality of his own penitence - no-one can be sure of receiving complete forgiveness.


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Re: Martin Luther's 95 Thesis

Post  Brock M. Hay on Sat Oct 06, 2012 3:53 pm


Interesting arguments, this Luther sounds like a smart guy! If a formation of Protestantism never rose I would like to think that most likely the most powerful people today would still be the Catholic church, and their considerably corrupt ways would make many suffer, and life would probably not be very nice for an Atheist, or people of any other belief for that matter, considering the intolerance that they have had in the past. Would you guys rather having corrupt church officials as the world's most powerful people, or just corrupt cooperate leaders like we do now?
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Re: Martin Luther's 95 Thesis

Post  AnaMartinez on Sun Oct 07, 2012 1:14 pm

Nice post Nellie! Smile
Here are some facts I looked up on Martin Luther:
1. The Bible verse that inspired Luther was Romans 1:17: “For the justice of God is revealed from faith to faith in that it is written, for the just shall live by faith.”
2. Most of Luther's complaints revolved around the sale of indulgences.
3. He translated the Bible into German, and published The New Testament by himself in 1522.
4. Luther married Katharine Von Bora, a former nun that had helped him escape.
5. Luther and Bora had six children.
6. He had his degree as Doctor of Philosophy at the University of Erfurt.

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