Final part of my blog study notes

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Final part of my blog study notes

Post  Brock M. Hay on Sat Jun 02, 2012 6:04 pm


This will be the last chapter that I put on the blogs, I apologize for not getting on the latest chapters, but as we have studies them and have them fresher in our minds, it is not quite as vital to study. So let's get started!Chapter 8 The Rise of Europe

1. The Early Middle Ages (182)
2. Feudalism and the Manor Economy (186)
3. The Medieval Church (188)
4. Economic Expansion and Change (197)

VOCAB

Medieval: Or "middle ages" being the time period that European civilization emerged that blended Roman, Germanic, and Christian peoples and cultures.

Feudalism: A system of power that consisted of a monarch dividing power and lands between nobles, and then those nobles dividing power between lesser lords, and so on.

Feudal contract: A contract or exchange of pledges to establish relationships and obligations between lords ans their lesser lords.

Vassal: A lesser lord.

fief: The manor of a lord, noble, or vassal.

Chivalry: A knight's code of conduct, practicing the values of being fair, generous, and well mannered. It was also necessary to pledge yourself to your heavenly lord, earthly lord, and chosen lady.

Manor economy: The wealth and financial condition of a single fief, or manor.

CONCEPTS

a. The accomplishments and legacy of Charlemagne
Charlemagne was the first king, after the fall of the Roman empire. He was a descendent of the barbarians who destroyed Rome, yet he ironically was responsible for uniting Europe with Christianity. He was the first one to establish control in the early chaotic middle ages. Also he lead the Christian side in the battle of Tours against the Muslims which stopped their spread and control permanently.

b. How feudalism shaped medieval society
Feudalism made medieval society in Europe very isolated. Since every manor and fief could live independently there was no need for trade, no need for cultural diffusion. This isolation shaped society to be very uneducated and oblivious to the world beyond their manor gates, and caused a long period without the build of technology or science.

c. mutual obligations of peasants, knights, lesser lords, lords, monarch
A peasant is to work for the knight, build and maintain his manor, fight when he is ordered to, and work the land and crop goods for the knight. The knight is to protect the peasant, and give him a small amount of land so that he may support himself. The knight is to fight and gather his peasants whenever the lesser lord demands it. Pledge allegence to the lesser lord, and give him much of his food supply. The lessor lord is to give the knight a small fief with much land to farm, along with many serfs. The lesser lord is to pledge allegance to their lord, gather his armies on the lord's demand, and the lesser lord is to give a huge food supply to the lord by year. The lord is to grant the lesser lord a vast area of land with vast farm lands and hundreds of serfs and a large fief. The lord is to place his gigantic army wherever the monarch wants it, he is to pledge his allegance and give the monarch an unbelievable amount of wealth by year. The monarch is to grant the lord an entire province of land, thousands of serfs, and a gigantic and elegant fief. Money + service goes up, land + serfs go down.

d. How the power of the Church grew in the medieval era.
The pope was a huge authority on even monarchs, considered the closest mortal thing to god. Eventually people like bishops also gained much power, and over time the church released laws and rules for people, one familiar one being Canon law. They also threatened people who rose against them with interdiction and excommunication. The clergy was a big voice in how many kingdoms were ran.

e. How corruption in the Church led to reform
Eventually when the church became very powerful, their discipline weakened, no one followed the benedictine vows anymore, and clergy became greedy, and took all wealth and money for themselves. This happened until Abbot of Cluny lead reforms across Europe.

f. Causes/effects of the agricultural and technological revolutions during the medieval era
Eventually agricultural supplies advanced, this caused interest in other materials external to what they could get, which lead to trade. The effects is that over time the feudal system died, and towns and cities formed once again for efficiency. This regrew growth and develpement in many areas of technology and business.
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Brock M. Hay
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