The History of Aviation: The 1800s

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The History of Aviation: The 1800s

Post  Brandon H. on Sun Mar 18, 2012 10:17 pm

The beginning of a more persistant search for flight had begun. Felix Du Temple, our first subject,design by 1857 of an aircraft; an aircraft with an atractable landing gear, an internal engine and an egg shaped hull. It also looked like Leonardo`s glider,with bat wings. Like so many historians before him, he too worked with a brother, Louis. By 1867 they had a hot air engine to power their mono plan and thought that this would work. Then in 1874, he tried to fly it. With enough thrust he did fly above the ground, but only tens of feet, not even leaving ground effect. Eventually, Felix and his plane landed, and both had injuries. This was the only attempt.

Clement Ader, another frenchman, had a bat-like aircraft aswell. well, he had three designs, one, the first one in around 1894 which he named the avion. In the next five years he would make two more models. No evidence is clear but two eye witnesses that he recorded say that he made a 300 meter flight with his, hot air engine bat machine. His third design is currently in France, it has been restored.

Otto lilenthal, a german had a passion for wanting to fly, even as a teenager. By 1870 he had been studying aviation and made three unsucessful batcrafts. In 1889 he published a book, about birds flight and his study of ornithopters. Before his death in 1896, he had done over 2000 glider flights and attempted fifteen mono planes. With the low amount of thrust, little did they know they needed biplanes. He died because of his glider stalling, and going into a nosedive. Ouch. The next day he died of a broken spine. His life was full of gliding through germany and he motivated the Wright brothers. The reciprocating piston enginges, cycle is named after him, it`s called the Otto cycle.

Well that`s the 1800s except for one little bit, in 1804 and plus there was an aviator who did many, extraordinary things for his time. we had to skip him because that`s a whole other blog entirely. Sorry for the absence of pictures, there are some pretty cool original sketches.
Brandon H.
Brandon H.
Research Assistant
Research Assistant

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