Section Three: The Roman Achievement summary.

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Section Three: The Roman Achievement summary.

Post  Brock M. Hay on Fri Jan 20, 2012 12:22 pm

In the dawn of Rome during its Republic, they adopted much of Greece's customs, ideas, and ways of life, since Greece was colonizing in eastern Europe at this time. In its later days when Rome conquerd Greece it had adopted almost all of Greece's ways of religion, customs, arts, and science. All of Rome's main achievements in the Pax Romana, came from Greece using it as a template. You could call Rome at this time basically Greece two pointo zero.

Many famous poets in Rome referd back to Greek poets like Homer, also many Romman poets would speak of how Rome's achievements branched from Greek achievements. Some historians didn't like this idea though, it was like Greece was getting credit for all of Rome's fame, so historians like Livy, would talk much about the grace of the old heroic Rome and how they came from Republic to empire. Some poets, like Horace, would mock Rome and how it was just a larger version of Greece just with more fertile land. Romans adopted much Greek philosophy as well, Romans invented Stoicism which impressed many emperors like Marcus Aurelius, stoicism reflects the importance and duty of fate in our lives. These thoughts thoughts also reflected in the rise of Christianity.

Like Greek art Roman art values much of realism, making the person in the piece look as real as possible, no matter what. House decorating, making your houshold look very nice with furniture, decorations, adn having beautiful paintings was also valued in Roman art. Unlike the artists of Rome the architects cared more about making their figures look handsome and glorious. A scuplture of Agustus, who wasn't very handsome, was shown to be handsome and dignified. Many statues of gods, godesses, emperors, philosphers, or war lords were put in many stadiums, religous areas, temples, and palaces to show people of foreign areas Roman power and dignity.

romans specialized in engineering making road systems, irrigation, and harbors everywhere in the Roman empire. one of their most famous engineering achievements was the biulding of the aquaducts, which are as high as bridges and are as wide and long as the roads that they built. Strangely Roman engineering was not inherited by the Greeks. A Greek doctor named Galen advanced the medical area by insisting on experimenting before making a conclusion, he also created an encyclopedia that summarized everything in medicine wich remained the official medical encyclepedia for the next thousand years.

When Rome was in its early Republic they had a law system that applied to its citizens, this was called the civil law code. When Rome began to expand this law code did not apply to non citizens that lived in Rome, so they had to create a new on that refferd to citizens and non citizens, this was called the law coed of nations. When Rome expanded to its height these two law codes emerged to create the most advanced system of law that still influences law systems today. Today's American court actually comes from Roman court, the defendant is assumed innocent until proven guilty, the defendant is allowed to face the accuser and argue for his innocence, and the evidence to prove the defendant guilty must be clearer than day light.

Thanks for reading this blog post I hope it helped, I will write more section summaries in the future, and If someone requests me to write a blog post including all of the vocabulary definition, and terms given in the section, not just the highlighted ones, I will.
Brock M. Hay

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