Medical advances in the late 1800s

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Medical advances in the late 1800s

Post  Paola fix on Sat Jun 11, 2011 6:16 pm

Between 1800s and 1900s the population of Europe more than doubled. This was not because of larger families actually families were having fewer children.. This was because the death rate fell. People started eating better, mostly because farming methods improved and there was more food. The biggest reason to why the death rate fell though was because of Medical advances and improvements.
Since the 1600s scientists had known of microscopic organisms, some scientists believed that some microbes caused infections and diseases but most did not believe this “germ theory.”
In the 1870 French chemist Louis Pasteur showed the link between microbes and diseases. Louis Pasteur also invented the vaccines against rabies and anthrax and he discovered the process of pasteurization (killing the diseases in milk)
1800s German doctor Robert Koch identified the bacteria that caused tuberculosis (respiratory disease which killed 30 million people in 1800)
1914 cures for malaria and yellow fever were traced.
Since people started understanding bacteria and how they got sick they changed there lives by having a better hygiene.
In the early 1840, anesthesia was first used to relieve pain during surgery..
During the this time hospitals were pretty much a “death place” Surgery was preformed with dirty instruments. People could have surgery, survive but die a few days later because of disease. English surgeon (Joseph Lister) discovered how antiseptics prevented infection.
Florence Nighingale (1820-1910) British nurse who worked during the crimean war she insisted on better hygiene in field hospitals.
She also founded the first school for nurses.

Source: World History Text Book

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