The New Industrial City

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The New Industrial City

Post  Paola fix on Mon Feb 14, 2011 5:27 pm

During the Industrial revolution many changes were made especially in farming, the fast population growth, and the increasing amount of demand for workers, these all led to the movement of people migrating from farms to cities, urbanization. The small towns around coal and iron mines developed into cities, other cities grew up around the factories that entrepreneurs built where it once
was small market towns.
In the 1750s the British market town in Manchester reached the population of 17,000 people, throughout the years it exploded into a center of the textile industry. Its population grew to 40,000 by1780 and 70,000 by 1801. Some of the visitors that came described it as the “could of coal vapor” because of all the pollution in the air from the smoke of the factories.
In Manchester and like elsewhere a gulf divides the urban side of the population. People form the wealthy side and middle classes lived in the safe and pleasant sides of the country. The poor had no choice but to breathe in the foul-smelling slums around them. They were crowded together in tiny rooms called tenements they were multistory buildings separated into crowded apartments. The aweful part about this was that the buildings did not have running water, only community pumps. Since there was no sewage or sanitation sysytems they had nowhere to get rid of the wastes but to leave them rotted in the streets. Diseases like cholera spread rapidly. As reformers started to realized the bad effect on this they pushed for laws that would improve conditions in city slums. This new Industrial city brought many changes making things good for the economy and wealthy or middle class people, however not so much for the less wealthy.

source: World History Text Book
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