Scientific Socialism

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Scientific Socialism

Post  Lisa Ella Humenberger on Sat Feb 05, 2011 3:26 pm

In 1840, German philosopher named Karl Marx, said that the idea of a Utopia was a unrealistic idealism, so he made a new theory called, Scientific Socialism in which was based on a scientific study of history. Marx wanted a reform, but he was forced to leave from Germany because of his radical ideas, so he went first to Paris and then went to London. There he gathered with another German socialist named Friedrich Engels. His father had owned a textile machine in England.

Marx and Engels then wrote The Communist Manifesto that was published in 1848. In it, Marx said that economics was the main force in history. The entire history is about what people have and what they don't have. The people that have, have always owned the sources of production and had power over the society with their wealth. In other words, the ''haves'' were bourgeoisie, and the ones that ''don't have'' were working class. There was always a battle between these two, but Marx predicted that the working class would fight and be successful. It would then take control of the production and make a classless, communist society. This would then end the feud for power because it will then be distributed equally. Marx also hated capitalism. He said it created prosperity for only a few and poverty for many.

Source: History Textbook.
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Re: Scientific Socialism

Post  Hristo on Sun Feb 06, 2011 4:05 pm

Karl Marx's ideas are the basis of the Communism. I agree with him that Capitalism benefits only a few. Most of the countries today have Capitalism based governments. That's why we have people that have billions of dollars and people begging for a cent on the streets. In Communism you don't have this. Communism is basicaly equality. All the people have the same financial status. You don't have people driving Mercedes S-Class whose children study in private schools, but also you don't have people starving and living in poverty. Bulgaria was a Communist country untill 1989. Many of the people that I know say that they miss those times because they were happy and didn't have to worry about money, taxes, prices etc. However, there are almost none communist countries left and it is unlikely for the Communism to be revived.
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