Reading Response #2: Roman Slavery, Gladiators, & the Spartacus Revolt

View previous topic View next topic Go down

Reading Response #2: Roman Slavery, Gladiators, & the Spartacus Revolt

Post  Mr. Fisher on Thu Jan 20, 2011 10:31 am

Roman Slavery, Gladiators, & the Spartacus Revolt

Instructions: Read the following article and answer the questions below in the form of a REPLY to this post. Use your own words in your responses, and quotes whenever necessary.

ROMAN SLAVERY:

The subjugation {total control} of the Roman slaves was a result of the territorial conquests of the empire. As new land was acquired, the population of the area became the property of the Roman empire as well. The captives of the land joined the other slaves of the republic who had been stationed in this position by the same situation as the captured slaves, or because they had failed to enlist in the army or register in the census. Slavery was either a result of captivity or punishment for a rejection of governmental rule.

Once the slaves were acquired, they were sold at slave auctions. Slaves with special talents were sold for higher prices, and female slaves were cheaper than males. It was cheaper to purchase new slaves than to breed more, and so the slave auctions were always highly populated and well attended.

The Roman slaves were treated as members of the family unit in the earlier days of slavery; their punishments were mild, and they were given holidays from their regular duties on certain occasions and festivals. On the Festival of Saturn, the slaves were allowed to wear the badge of freedom for the day, they were given freedom of speech, a banquet where their masters served them, and they were given the clothes of their masters to wear. Slaves were often buried in the familial plots of their masters, and masters would be punished severely for the murder of their slaves. Families of slaves could not be separated, but there was no legal relation between a father and his son. The children born to a slave mother were also slaves, and slaves could hold no property as all their possessions belonged to their master.

Runaway slaves, fugitvii, were branded on their forehead, and the later treatment of slaves included whippings, requirement of the slaves to work in fetters, and beatings with sticks. Their food was rationed. The manumission {freeing} of slaves was both a personal and governmental issue. The slaves could be freed as a reward for a great feat of bravery or service, as a punishment to the master of the slaves, or if the slave was extremely aged, as it was cheaper to buy a new slave rather than to feed them. Slaves then joined the rest of society as their social ranking was raised by this freedom, and they would not be at all limited or hindered because of their previous status.

Although some information survives to us about Roman slavery, and due to archaeological conquests, a great deal of knowledge can be gathered about the general slave system, little is known about the everyday lives of slaves. However, enough is known to give a general overview of the slaves’ lives. It is understood that slaves performed a wide variety of different jobs, ranging from economic to field labor roles, to being forced into gladiatorial combat like Spartacus. (The latter, of course, could bring a comfortable life if the gladiator was skilled enough, lucky enough, and wise enough with his finances. On the other hand, an unfortunate gladiator could end up being eaten by lions!) With this span of employment also came great differences in living conditions. Before delving into this topic, it is important to divide slaves into two categories: field slaves and domestic slaves. This will become vital, for there was a strict hierarchy that was understood by both slaves and their owners, and was directly reflected in the way that they were treated. This division was one of vital status as it was considered punishment or degradation for a house slave to be sent to the fields.

Slaves in Roman society were given tasks that we today may think of as strange. Many were able to purchase things in the names of their masters, to navigate their master's ships, etc...Making up the largest percentage of the slave population were the field hands who constituted the major work force on the large agricultural and mining farms of the Roman aristocracy. On one estate alone, as many as 40,000 slaves could be kept, forced to work in extreme conditions. As a result of this, however, field slaves provided Rome with its greatest source of economic wealth. This was especially crucial in the later republic as expansion became less and less profitable.

For at least two reasons, the life of a field slave was a very strenuous and difficult one. First, because aristocratic owners rarely visited their estates, and only spoke with their paid men when they did, the common field slave almost never came into contact with his owner. As a result of this, these slaves were not given the opportunity to befriend their masters as house slaves were, which made the possibility of a better job or manumission much less likely. There were, however, chances for a slave to advance in his rural station to a more prominent and, consequently, beneficial situation. The majority of positions for rural slaves were in the fields, the most stressful that could be obtained. There were some however, such as a diaetorius, or valet, who was present solely to attend to the master's materialistic needs.

Secondly, rural slaves were forced to do work that was both physically and emotionally straining. Field hands were given a life expectancy of about ten years due to the physical exhaustion they encountered on a daily basis. Among the jobs they were expected to perform were as ploughmen, hunters, ditchers and forester. Slaves were expected to work all day on very little food and water, and were whipped or beaten when they did not. The extreme nature of the environment in which rural slaves lived is best exemplified by the number of slave revolts which resulted from rural area as opposed to urban areas. Urban slaves had very little to complain about, as will be discussed later, and revolt only would have led to their execution, whereas for rural slaves death was the outcome no matter which route they chose to exercise.

If one was to be a slave, to work in the household of an upper-class aristocrat was ideal. Under many circumstances, the oldest and most trusted slaves were considered to be a part of the family. Furthermore, urban slaves were given better food and clothing in addition to their daily tasks being much less demanding. Urban slaves were chosen for several reasons, but many for their skills such as sculpture or cobbling. There were, however, slaves, especially young boys, who were employed only for their looks as it was considered a symbol of wealth and status to keep beautiful children as slaves. There were, of course, many other jobs for domestic slaves such as cook and footman. Some households were known to have as many as fifty different types of slaves, who would perform duties sometimes as specific as servant in charge of purple garments.

From all stand points, house slaves were given many more opportunities than those of the field capacity. Cooks were allowed to take home leftovers from their master's table, children were given clothing made of fine materials, etc...simply because house slaves were considered, for the most part, to be a reflection of the master himself, and offered a prime avenue to further display his status. All urban slaves, however, did not experience the surroundings of luxury that the fortunate were able to enjoy. Many slaves that lived in urban areas were the property of the government, kept to aid in the erection of public buildings and roads. The atmosphere in which these slaves were kept rivaled that of rural slaves in work expectancy and living conditions.

GLADIATORS:



Gladiators were usually recruited from criminals, slaves (especially captured fugitives), and prisoners of war. Criminals, having lost their citizen rights and slaves and prisoners of war having none, had no choice about becoming a gladiator, if they had the physical and emotional make-up necessary for the profession. Some free-born men, however, although they had not lost their citizen rights, voluntarily chose the profession and bound themselves body and soul to the owner of a gladiatorial troupe (lanista) by swearing an oath "to endure branding, chains, flogging or death by the sword" and to do whatever the master ordered. It has been estimated that by the end of the Republic, about half of the gladiators were volunteers (auctorati), who took on the status of a slave for an agreed-upon period of time.

But why would a free man want to become a gladiator? When he took the gladiator’s oath, he agreed to be treated as a slave and suffered the ultimate social disgrace (infamia). Seneca describes the oath as "most shameful" (Ep. 37.1-2). As unattractive as this may sound to us, there were advantages. The candidate's life took on new meaning. He became a member of a cohesive group that was known for its courage, good morale, and absolute fidelity to its master to the point of death. His life became a model of military discipline and through courageous behavior he was also now capable of achieving honor similar to that enjoyed by Roman soldiers on the battlefield. There were other advantages. For example, an aristocrat who had suffered a great financial setback in a lawsuit or who had squandered his inheritance would find it extremely difficult to make a living. After all, he had spent his life living on inherited wealth and was not used to working for a living. He could enter the army or become a school teacher, or take up a life of crime as a bandit. In comparison with these occupations, a career as a gladiator might seem more attractive. He would not fight more than 2 or 3 times a year and would have a chance at fame and wealth (with which they could buy their freedom), employing those military skills that were appropriate to the citizen-soldier. In the arena, the volunteer gladiator could indulge his fantasy of military glory and fame before an admiring crowd. As a gladiator, he could achieve the kind of public adulation that modern athletes enjoy today.

SPARTACUS & THE SLAVE REVOLT:

Spartacus was born in Thrace (an ancient country, now part of Greece and Turkey.) When he was young he worked in the fields of his homeland. Somehow, he ended up serving as a Roman auxiliary in the legions. There is no clear evidence but it is believed that he deserted the Roman army and as a result of that was sold into slavery.

Slavery became an important part of Roman life. As nobles became richer and lazier they began using slaves as gladiators for entertainment. Gladiators were trained slaves who were forced to fight wild animals and other slaves in huge arenas in front of thousands of people. It was a brutal and ugly sport and it was becoming very popular. While being enrolled in a training school in Capua in 73 B.C.E., Spartacus led a group of several other gladiators and fled the gladiatorial college capturing Mount Vesuvius. When other slaves heard about Spartacus they were motivated by his courage and readily joined him in the fight against the Roman nobility.

Spartacus hoped that in search for freedom his soldiers would attempt to cross the Alps, after which they could seek their own homelands. However, his plan didn't materialize as they preferred to plunder the rich Italian countryside. Within the space of two years they defeated no fewer than four Roman armies. With his huge army of 70,000 Spartacus' force overran much of Campania and Lucania defeating all the Roman opposition. Inside, however, Spartacus knew that if Romans really decided to make an effort his army stood no chance because "the well- equipped and numerous Roman legions would easily suppress his ragtag band."

By 72 B.C.E., the Senate realized that Spartacus and his army were an internal threat to security and ordered the consuls to crush the slave revolt. It turned out to be harder than they thought. Surprisingly the Roman army was defeated three times. On numerous occasions Spartacus tried to persuade his men to leave Italy and move northward towards Gaul but they refused. Eventually, he decided to turn southward and go to Sicily. However, that was a turning point of the slave war. The Senate placed Crassus, an able and competent general, in command of six legions. Although his initial attempt to crush the revolt failed, at Brundisium (now Brindisi) in 71 B.C.E., his army defeated the slaves and gladiators. Spartacus was killed in the battle and 6,000 captured slaves were crucified. That was the end of the last of the series of slave wars extending back to the previous century.
________________________________________________________________

Questions:

1. What rights did slaves have during the Roman Republic?
2. Why were slaves freed?
3. What were the two different categories of slaves? Which category was "better?" Why?
4. How were gladiators recruited?
5. Why would a free man want to become a gladiator?
6. Why did the slaves revolt in 73 B.C.E. under the leadership of Spartacus? Why did this slave revolt fail?

Responses due: Tuesday, January 25th (before class)

*Article source: http://www.historyteacher.net
avatar
Mr. Fisher
Admin
Admin

Posts : 284
Student Rating : 6

Back to top Go down

Answers

Post  Offek on Thu Jan 20, 2011 11:33 am

1. In Roman Times, the slaves were trated like members of a family. Their punishments were not bad, and they were given holidays. They also went to festivals.

2. The slaves could be freed for great service or bravery, or if the slave was extremely old. It was cheaper to buy a new slave rather than to feed an old one.

3. The two types of slaves were the field slaves and the domestic slaves. Being a domestic slave was better since they were given food and cloths. Sometimes they were even considered a part of the empire.

4. Gladiators were mostly recruited from criminals, slaves, and prisoners of war. Criminals, which lost their citizen rights, and slaves and prisoners of war having none, had no other choice then becoming a gladiator, if they had the physical and emotional make-up necessary.

5. A free man would like to become a gladiator after he took the gladiator’s oath, he agreed to be treated like a slave and suffered the ultimate social disgrace.

6. In 73 B.C, Spartacus led a group of gladiators and wemt capturing Mount Vesuvius. When other slaves heard about Spartacus they were motivated by his courage and rapidly joined him in the fight against the Roman nobility. By 72 B.C, the Senate realized that Spartacus and his army were an big threat to Roman security and he ordered the consuls to crush the slave revolt.

lol! afro bananarama geek
avatar
Offek
Apprentice
Apprentice

Posts : 36
Student Rating : 0

Back to top Go down

Re: Reading Response #2: Roman Slavery, Gladiators, & the Spartacus Revolt

Post  Paola Rod on Thu Jan 20, 2011 11:37 am

Questions:

1. What rights did slaves have during the Roman Republic?
Depending on what they were, house or field slaves. Slaves living in the house where very well treated, however they didn’t have many rights. They could not go out of the house. In the other hand field slaves had very little rights and where expected to work with very little water and food.
2. Why were slaves freed?
Because they would get old and owners would buy new slaves.
3. What were the two different categories of slaves? Which category was "better?" Why?
field slaves and domestic slaves. The domestic slaves were better because they were an image of their owner and would be dressed good and have enough food. The other kind of slaves were the worst because they had to work a lot with very little food and water.
4. How were gladiators recruited?
Gladiators were recruited from criminals, slaves (especially captured fugitives), and prisoners of war.
5. Why would a free man want to become a gladiator?
Because being a gladiator had its advantages, they would fight 2 o 3 times a year and would have the chance to be wealthy and buy its own freedom.
6. Why did the slaves revolt in 73 B.C.E. under the leadership of Spartacus? Why did this slave revolt fail? Because Spartacus led a group of several other gladiators and fled the gladiatorial college capturing Mount Vesuvius. The revolt fails because Spartacus couldn’t persuade his man to leave to Italy.
cyclops thumbs up Very Happy What a Face
avatar
Paola Rod
Apprentice
Apprentice

Posts : 72
Student Rating : 0

Back to top Go down

Reply to the thingy

Post  Philippe Bissonnette on Thu Jan 20, 2011 11:40 am



1. Roman slaves were treated like a family unit in the earlier days of slavery; Their punishments were easy, and they were given holidays because of hard work to their regular duties and on certain occasions they would be able to go to celabrations and festivals.

2.The roman slaves could be freed as a reward for their bravery, service or a punishment to the master of the slaves, If a slaves was extremely aged, the owner would rather buy a new slaves then to waste their money of the old one.

3. The two different types of slaves here field and domistic slaves. The field slaves would work outside, doing the farms harvest or would take care of the animals. The domistice slaves would work inside. The domistic slaves would be given food, clothes ect...
I would rather have be a domistic slave because i would be treated better.

4. Gadiators were recruted for gladiator shows. Gladiators were recruted from criminals, war slaves and captuered fugitives. If the people that were captured and they had the emotional abilitys to kill without remorce they would fight in the areana.

5. If a free man chose to take the gladiators oath they would be treated like a slave and they would have to have the worst social discrace.

6. When it was 73 B.C., Spartacus led a group of gladiators to capture the Mount Vesuvius. When the other slaves heard about Spartacus and his revolt they were motivated by his courage and readily joined him, for the fight against the Roman nobility.By By 72 B.C., the Senate realized that Spartacus and his army were huge threat to security of rome and the consuls so they ordered to crush the slave revolt so that spartacus and his army could be stop once and for all.


Last edited by Philippe Bissonnette on Sat Jan 22, 2011 5:13 pm; edited 1 time in total

Philippe Bissonnette
Research Assistant
Research Assistant

Posts : 105
Student Rating : 0

Back to top Go down

Roman Slavery, Gladiators, & the Spartucus Revolt

Post  Andrew G Kiousis on Thu Jan 20, 2011 11:40 am

1. What rights did slaves have during the Roman Republic? It all depended on what class of slave that slave was. Eg: A house slave would dress better and eat better than slaves that would work on the feild.
2. Why were slaves freed? Slaves would be freed if they become a Gladiator, or if they are old aged.
3. What were the two different categories of slaves? Which category was "better?" Why? There were many categories of slaves. From economic to house hold. The house hold slaves were better because they would be given good cloths to symbolize the fortune of their master. They were allowed to eat with the family, and were considered family members.
4. How were gladiators recruited? Gladiators were usually POW's that would fight for their freedom, but many other gladiators would be volunteers that would fight because they would gain the respect as a soldier would have on the battlefield.
5. Why would a free man want to become a gladiator? Free men wanted to get the respect from people like the soldiers would on the battlefield.
6. Why did the slaves revolt in 73 B.C.E. under the leadership of Spartacus? Why did this slave revolt fail? Other slaves had heard about the revolt of Mount Vesuvius, and were motivated by Spartacuss' revolt. Spartacus wanted to go North into Gual and settle there, but the other slaves refused and went to Sicily, and there; waiting for them was Crassus, who was in charge of six legions who attacked Spartacuss' army of slaves, who ended up capturing 6,000 slaves and killing Spartacus.

avatar
Andrew G Kiousis
Newcomer
Newcomer

Posts : 13
Student Rating : 0

Back to top Go down

REPLY!

Post  Hlabelle on Thu Jan 20, 2011 11:41 am

1. What rights did slaves have during the Roman Republic?
Slaves would hold the right to be treated as part of the family. They were given holidays at certain times and given the freedom of speech. Also they were given a banquet in which their masters served them and a family of slaves could not be separated.
2. Why were slaves freed?
The slaves could be freed as a reward for a great feat of bravery or service, as a punishment to the master of the slaves, or if the slave was extremely aged, as it was cheaper to buy a new slave rather than to feed them.
3. What were the two different categories of slaves? Which category was "better?" Why? There were 2 types of slaves: the field slaves and the domestic slaves. Domestic slaves were “better” because it was considered a punishment for a slave who worked in a house to be sent to the fields, and in the fields it was way much harder. Domestic slaves had many more benefits and rights than field ones.

4. How were gladiators recruited?
Gladiators were usually recruited from criminals, slaves and prisoners of war. Criminals had lost their rights and slaves and prisoners didn’t have any at all, so they had no option than to became a gladiator.
5. Why would a free man want to become a gladiator? A free man would like to become a gladiator because once he became a gladiator his life took a new meaning. He would become member of a cohesive group that was known for is courage, good morale, and absolutely fidelity to its master to the point of death. He was now able to achieve honors similar to those of Roman soldiers. He could indulge his fantasy of military glory and fame before an admiring crowd. AS a gladiator, he could achieve the kind of public adulation that modern athletes enjoy today.

6. Why did the slaves revolt in 73 B.C.E. under the leadership of Spartacus? Why did this slave revolt fail? In 73 B.C.E., Spartacus led a group of several other gladiators and fled the gladiatorial college capturing Mount Vesuvius. When other slaves heard about Spartacus they were motivated. By 72 B.C.E., the Senate realized that Spartacus and his army were an internal threat to security and ordered the consuls to crush the slave revolt.



Last edited by Hlabelle on Thu Jan 20, 2011 5:44 pm; edited 1 time in total

Hlabelle
Apprentice
Apprentice

Posts : 65
Student Rating : 0

Back to top Go down

Roman Gladiators and Slavery

Post  mzazo on Thu Jan 20, 2011 11:41 am

1. What rights did slaves have during the Roman Republic?
-The rights that’s some of these slaves had where that they could have free days off of their duties in certain occasions, like festivals or holidays.

2. Why were slaves freed?
Only if they did something brave o heroic and was a governmental and personal issue.

3. What were the two different categories of slaves? Which category was "better?" Why?
One where house slaves and other field capacity. House slaves where “better” because they were closer to the master of the house.

4. How were gladiators recruited?
From criminals, slaves, or usually captured fugitives.

5. Why would a free man want to become a gladiator?
Some free people chose to be gladiators ignoring all the disadvantages of the risk of dying or the oath he would receive, his life would take a new start: he would become a member of a group that was known for having good morale, courage and loyalty to his master.

6. Why did the slaves revolt in 73 B.C.E. under the leadership of Spartacus? Why did this slave revolt fail?
They revolted because they where goaded by Spartacus. It failed because Crassus was put in command by the senate and they went on hard on the slaves.


Last edited by mzazo on Tue Jan 25, 2011 10:22 pm; edited 1 time in total

mzazo
Apprentice
Apprentice

Posts : 34
Student Rating : 0

Back to top Go down

Answers

Post  Josh Montoya on Thu Jan 20, 2011 11:41 am

1. What rights did slaves have during the Roman Republic?
In the earlier era of the Roman Republic, slaves had many rights in the Roman Republic, more than most other slaves from other civilizations. They were treated as family members. They were allowed to take holidays off and food and clothing was given to them by their masters. If a master killed one of his slave he would be punished heavily. Later on in the Roman Republic, Slaves were beaten and forced to work in fetters and were only given small rations of food.

2. Why were slaves freed?
Slaves were freed for several reasons. One reason they would be freed is if they did something great or heroic. Also if they were very old they too would be freed. And lastly, if their masters did something wrong, they would be freed as a punishment towards the master.

3. What were the two different categories of slaves? Which category was "better?" Why?
One category of slaves was the house slaves who would work in the household doing simple household tasks. The other category of slaves was the field slaves who would do hard work in the fields. It was better to be a house slave because they were treated better and they didn't have to do as hard work as field slaves.

4. How were gladiators recruited?
Gladiators were usually recruited slaves, criminals or POW's. If they were recruited to be a gladiator, they had no choice. Free people would also voluntarily become gladiators.

5. Why would a free man want to become a gladiator?
Because then he would become a member of a group known for courage, good morale and absolute fidelity. Also he would achieve great honor.
6. Why did the slaves revolt in 73 B.C.E. under the leadership of Spartacus? Why did this slave revolt fail?
They revolted because they were motivated by his courage and bravery. The revolt failed because the senate put Crassus in command of six legions, and they crushed the slaves.


Last edited by Josh Montoya on Mon Jan 24, 2011 11:22 am; edited 2 times in total
avatar
Josh Montoya
Apprentice
Apprentice

Posts : 49
Student Rating : 0

Back to top Go down

Re: Roman Slavery, Gladiators, & the Spartacus Revolt

Post  Noah Smith on Thu Jan 20, 2011 7:58 pm

1. What rights did slaves have during the Roman Republic?

On the Festival of Saturn, the slaves would be allowed to wear a badge of freedom for the day, they were also allowed to speak freely, a banquet where their masters served them, and they were given the clothes of their masters to wear.

2. Why were slaves freed?
The slaves would be freed as a reward for great feat of bravery or service, as a punishment to the master of the slaves, or if the slave was extremely aged, as it was cheaper to buy a new slave rather than to feed them.

3. What were the two different categories of slaves? Which category was "better?" Why?
Their were two types of Slaves, There were the Domestic Slaves, and There were Field Slaves. I think that the domestic slaves were better because they only had to do house chores and they would also get to know the masters much better and the better they know their master the more chance that they can be freed. But were the field slaves were they would have to work out in the field and not know their master so that means that they would have less of a chance of getting freed.

4. How were gladiators recruited?
The Gladiators where usually recruited from the Criminals, slaves, and the Prisoners of war. Also random free men would also like to try to become a Gladiator.

5. Why would a free man want to become a gladiator?
When the free men took the gladiator’s oath, he agreed to be treated as a slave and would have to suffer the ultimate social disgrace.

6. Why did the slaves revolt in 73 B.C.E. under the leadership of Spartacus? Why did this slave revolt fail?
avatar
Noah Smith
Research Assistant
Research Assistant

Posts : 86
Student Rating : 0

Back to top Go down

ROMAN SLAVERY, GLADIATORS, & THE SPARTUCUS REVOLT

Post  JMertes on Thu Jan 20, 2011 8:26 pm

1. What rights did slaves have during the Roman Republic?
On the Festival of Saturn, the slaves were allowed to wear the badge of freedom for the day, they were given freedom of speech, a banquet where their masters served them, and they were given the clothes of their masters to wear.
2. Why were slaves freed?
The slaves could be freed as a reward for a great feat of bravery or service, as a punishment to the master of the slaves, or if the slave was extremely aged, as it was cheaper to buy a new slave rather than to feed them.
3. What were the two different categories of slaves? Which category was "better?" Why?
Their were two types of Slaves, There were the Domestic Slaves, and There were Field Slaves. I would take the domestic side, its so much better. would work at a house doing chores for the owner and get to know them better as you go on and gain more freed. On the other hand the field slaves were given little water and food. They also didn't see their owner and that meant less freed for them.
4. How were gladiators recruited?
They were recruited from criminals, slaves and prisoners of war.
5. Why would a free man want to become a gladiator?
A free man would like to become a gladiator because once he became one his life would be total changed. They wanted respect and to be honored like the soldiers were.
6. Why did the slaves revolt in 73 B.C.E. under the leadership of Spartacus? Why did this slave revolt fail?
In the year 73 B.C.E a group of gladiators invaded MT.Vesuvius and they were motivated. Other slaves had heard about the revolt of Mount Vesuvius, and were motivated by Spartacuss' revolt. By 72 B.C.E., the Senate realized that Spartacus and his army were an internal threat to security and ordered the consuls to crush the slave revolt.

JMertes
Research Assistant
Research Assistant

Posts : 122
Student Rating : 0

Back to top Go down

Roman Slavery, Gladiators, & the Spartacus Revolt

Post  Talia A. on Fri Jan 21, 2011 6:54 pm

1. What rights did slaves have during the Roman Republic?
The rights that the slaves had during the Roman Republic were on holidays such as the Festival of Saturn when they got to wear the badge of freedom and have the day to say and do whatever they wanted.

2. Why were slaves freed?
Slaves were freed because there were both personal and governmental problems. They could be freed if they showed bravery, as a punishment to their masters, or if the slave was very old. When they got freed their social ranking was raised and their past couldn’t affect them in any way.

3. What were the two different categories of slaves? Which category was "better?" Why?
The two different categories of slaves were the rural slaves and the urban slaves. The urban slaves were better because they got to have a longer and much easier life. The rural slaves had to do jobs that were exhausting and their life expectancy was only 10 years. But then the urban slaves were given better food and clothing and their tasks being much less difficult.

4. How were gladiators recruited?
Gladiators were recruited from criminals, slaves, and prisoners of war.

5. Why would a free man want to become a gladiator?
Free men actually volunteered to be a gladiator because once he became one the meaning of his life was completely different. The would become a member of a group that was known for its courage, confidence, and complete loyalty to their master. Their life was a model of a military because of their courageous behavior.

6. Why did the slaves revolt in 73 B.C.E. under the leadership of Spartacus? Why did this slave revolt fail?
The slaves revolted in 73 B.C.E under the leadership of Spartacus because he led a group of gladiators to a gladiatorial college, and they captured Mount Vesuvius. Other slaves were inspired by Spartacus. By 72 B.C.E., the Senate realized that Spartacus and his army were an threat to security and ordered the consuls to end the slave revolt.

Talia A.
Graduate
Graduate

Posts : 167
Student Rating : 0

Back to top Go down

Answers:

Post  paolasainz on Sat Jan 22, 2011 4:21 pm

1. What rights did slaves have during the Roman Republic?
They didn’t have many rights but some slaves lived very well. They were captured and sold to the richest ones. The women were cheaper than the men. The ones that worked in the household were allowed to eat and take clothe from the owner. The slaves were forced to be gladiators, if they were good they let them free but if they did badly they were killed.
2. Why were slaves freed?
As they grew older they could do as much as they could do when they were younger so the owner bought new ones and let them free.

3. What were the two different categories of slaves? Which category was "better?" Why?
There were two kinds of slaves’ field slaves and household slaves. The household slaves lived better because they were allowed to communicate more with their owner and be part of the family. They were allowed to eat the owners left overs and were their old clothes. They got holiday days off too.

4. How were gladiators recruited?
Criminals, slaves and prisoners of war 

5. Why would a free man want to become a gladiator?
A free man who becomes a gladiator means that he had agreed to be treated as a slave and be added to a group of people with courage, also becomes a military model.

6. Why did the slaves revolt in 73 B.C.E. under the leadership of Spartacus? Why did this slave revolt fail?
They wanted freedom and have Spartacus courage. They failed because Spartacus wanted to northward but the slaves refused so they had to go southward and a good general was waiting for them with a big army and defeated all the slaves including Spartacus.

paolasainz
Apprentice
Apprentice

Posts : 55
Student Rating : 0

Back to top Go down

ROMAN SLAVES, GLADIATOR, AND THE SPARTACUS REVOLT

Post  Marielly Martinez on Mon Jan 24, 2011 2:44 pm

1. Slaves during the Roman republic had the right to wear the badge of freedom and have the day to do watever
they wanted.
2. Slaves were freed because, they could be freed as reward for a great fear of bravery or service, as a punishment

3. The different categories of slaves were field slaves and domestic slaves. domestci slaves was better. They were
consider to be part of the family and they had many more opportunities than field slaves. their childrens were given
clothes.

4. Gladiators were recruit from criminals, slaves or usually captured fugitives.
5. A free man would like to become a gladiator because, once they become one they would be
respected and honored like soldiers were.
6. the slaves revolt in 73 B.C.E under the leadership of spartacus because, Spartacus led a group
of several other gladiators and fled the gladiatorial college capturing Mount versuvius. the revolt failed because, the senate put
Crassus in command of six legions, and they crushed the slaves.

Marielly Martinez
Apprentice
Apprentice

Posts : 32
Student Rating : 0

Back to top Go down

Re: Reading Response #2: Roman Slavery, Gladiators, & the Spartacus Revolt

Post  Maria Jose on Mon Jan 24, 2011 3:50 pm


1. What rights did slaves have during the Roman Republic?
They had the right to have their holidays and give speeches. They would have banquets in which their owners would serve them. Some were considered part of the family, and they couldn’t be separated from their own families.

2. Why were slaves freed?
They would be freed because they were old and it costs less to get a new slave rather than to feed the old one. They would also be freed because of a great service and bravery as a punishment to their master.

3. What were the two different categories of slaves? Which category was "better?" Why?
The two types of slaves were urban and field slaves. To be an urban slave was better because the work was way easier. Urban slaves would be able to have close contact with their owners. They would get food and get feed properly. Urban slaves had more rights than field slaves.

4. How were gladiators recruited?
Gladiators were recruited from criminals, prisoners of war and slaves. The slaves and prisoners of war never had any rights and criminals had lost them. They had no option than to become a gladiator.

5. Why would a free man want to become a gladiator?
A free man would want to become a gladiator because their lives would take a new meaning. They would be considered confident and known for their loyalty to their masters. They could buy their own freedom.

6. Why did the slaves revolt in 73 B.C.E. under the leadership of Spartacus? Why did this slave revolt fail?
The slaves revolted under Spartacus leadership because they were motivated by his bravery and capture of Mt.Vesuvius with other slaves. The slave revolt failed because the senate considered them a threat and ordered to crush them.


Maria Jose
Graduate
Graduate

Posts : 206
Student Rating : 0

Back to top Go down

Re: Reading Response #2: Roman Slavery, Gladiators, & the Spartacus Revolt

Post  chiaracasoni on Mon Jan 24, 2011 8:47 pm

1. What rights did slaves have during the Roman Republic?
 They were given holidays when a festival came up, or any special occasion. On the Festival of Saturn, they were given a badge to wear that meant freedom for the day, and they were given freedom of speech. Families of slaves could not be separated. All the possesions of a slave would belong to their master, therefore they could not have any property. The child born to a slave mother, would become a slave too.
 
2. Why were slaves freed?
Slaves were freed because of their age, it was easier for the owner to buy a new slave in an auction than feed an old one, which can barely do anything. They also freed them if they had done an amazing job so they would be rewarded from their great service and bravery.
 
3. What were the two different categories of slaves? Which category was "better?" Why?
The two categories were field slaves and domestic slaves. Domestic slaves were better because they could live in luxury and had an easier life. Field Slaves barely came in contact with the owner and if they didn’t do their job well they would be whipped or beaten with sticks. The chef of the owner (domestic slave), could take home the leftovers the owner left, the children would be given clothes from fine material, but the field slaves wouldn’t receive much.

4. How were gladiators recruited?
They were recruited from criminals, slaves, and prisoners of war. Criminals and prisoners of war who didn’t have citizen rights, had no choice, it was obligated for them to be gladiators. 


5. Why would a free man want to become a gladiator?

They would choose to be a gladiator because they would be a part of the cohesive group and would be known for bravery, good morale, and absolute fidelity to his master. And with that they could achieve the honor like the one the Roman soldiers had in the battlefield. Also as a gladiator, could achieve public adulation that athletes enjoy today.  
 
6.Why did the slaves revolt in 73 B.C.E. under the leadership of Spartacus? Why did this slave revolt fail?
The slaves revolted in search for freedom, and were inspired by Spartacus’ courage. It failed because a competent general, Crassus, was placed in the senate, and in 71 B.C.E, his army defeated the revolted slaves and gladiators, the army even killed Spartacus himself.

chiaracasoni
Graduate
Graduate

Posts : 195
Student Rating : 0

Back to top Go down

Re: Reading Response #2: Roman Slavery, Gladiators, & the Spartacus Revolt

Post  julia oriol on Mon Jan 24, 2011 9:06 pm

1. Slaves had rights during the roman republic like that they were treated as part of the family, in Saturns day the slaves and master would basically trade spots and earn special privileges for a day. The food was rationed equally among the slaves but they each got very little food and water but a lot of tasks. Slaves were often buried in the family places.

2.The slaves were freed when they showed great bravery or service, as a punishment to the master or if the slave was very old. When slaves would stop being slaves they would gain the rights all the other people had and wouldn’t be judged because of their previous life.

3.The slaves were divided up into two categories: field slaves and domestic slaves. The slaves often preferred to work as domestic slaves, because they got to be closer to the master which meant a higher chance for them to be freed. They could also have the left over’s of the masters and field workers had a more forced life. The field workers were in the sun all day unlike the domestic workers. You could also see it was better to be a domestic worker because as a punishment you would be bumped down to Field Workers.

4.Slaves were recruited from criminals, slaves and prisoners of war. There were some cases that normal citizens volunteered themselves. The recruiters would also see if they had physical and emotional make up for this job.

5. A free man would want to become a gladiator because he became part of a society of courage, good morale, and absolute fidelity. He was became a military model and achieving honors similar to the Roman military. Also if you had lost anything in one point or another, you could have a easier life than for example becoming a teacher. This was because you would only fight 2 or 3 times in a year, and still gain money.

6. They revolted because in search of freedom and also were surprised by Spartacus courage and leadership. The revolt failed because the Roman army was stronger than they were. Even though they had won them various times , Crassus and his army in 71 B.C. defeated them and also killed Spartacus.

julia oriol
Graduate
Graduate

Posts : 159
Student Rating : 0

Back to top Go down

reply to read and response

Post  kknoff on Tue Jan 25, 2011 6:06 pm

1. What rights did slaves have during the Roman Republic?

Slaves did not really have many rights, but it really depended if you were a higher or lower class slave. If you worked in a house hold you were more of a member of the family and you enjoyed some luxuries compared to if you worked in the fields. You could not kill a slave because they were still people, and murder was against the law, but other than that the slave had to do anything their master asks of them.

2. Why were slaves freed?

Slaves could be freed for a few reasons. They could win or buy their freedom from fighting in the coliseum as a gladiator. Also if slaves became old, it was cheaper to let them go and buy a new slave, rather then continue feeding the elder slave. Also a slave could be freed if they did a brave act. If you became a slave, you would most likely end up being a slave until you became too old or died, and not many slaves lived to an old age.

3. What were the two different categories of slaves? Which category was "better?" Why?

The two different categories of slaves were Domestic Slaves and Field Slaves. The life of a domestic slave was supposed to be better than that of a field slave. The reason for this is, is because field slaves always worked in bad conditions that played hazardous to their health, in fact the life expectancy of a field slave was only ten years. Also a field slave rarely or never saw his master, so there was almost no chance of them befriending their master and “moving up” in their slave status. A rural slave did not have as bad as a life as a field slave. The rural slave enjoyed much more luxuries than the field slave, they had holidays, good food, better cloths, and were treated better.

4. How were gladiators recruited?
Gladiators were usually recruited form slaves or criminals. Also a prisoner of war usually became a gladiator. If the gladiators fought well, they could win or buy their freedom. Sometime free men would even become a gladiator on purpose

5. Why would a free man want to become a gladiator?
A free man would usually become a gladiator because he somehow spent all their money and was left with nothing. This man had no skills and did not no how to do any jobs. Instead of becoming a teacher or a criminal, they would choose to be a gladiator. If they did good as a gladiator they could become famous, people would think of them and see a brave noble man. This person’s life took on new meaning. Or they could want to fulfill their dreams of becoming a valiant fighter or soldier. In any case, becoming a gladiator would look like to them the best choice, I disagree because you could easily die a gladiator, and you were also a slave, even though you only had to fight about 3 times a year, you still had to buy your freedom. You gamble everything you have and there was a higher chance you will lose rather than gain.

6. Why did the slaves revolt in 73 B.C.E. under the leadership of Spartacus? Why did this slave revolt fail?

The slaves revolted under the leadership of Spartacus because they heard of his courage and bravery and how he escaped slavery. They wanted to join him and be free like him. In fact so many slaves revolted that Spartacus had his own army, 70,000 strong. Spartacus won several wars, and because of this, Rome began to see his army as a threat. So Rome attacked Spartacus and his army, Spartacus’s army fell to the great roman army, and so ended the revolt of the slaves.
cyclops Very Happy Smile Sad Surprised Shocked Cool Mad Razz Embarassed Crying or Very sad Evil or Very Mad Twisted Evil Rolling Eyes Wink Exclamation Question Idea Arrow Neutral What a Face Like a Star @ heaven Suspect I love you No @ cyclops clown pirat tongue monkey cat alien pale silent pig rabbit bounce confused affraid drunken bom cheers Basketball Sleep sunny albino cherry santa queen king farao rendeer jocolor geek scratch study lol! afro elephant thumbs up bananarama congratulations

kknoff
Apprentice
Apprentice

Posts : 73
Student Rating : 0

Back to top Go down

Re: Reading Response #2: Roman Slavery, Gladiators, & the Spartacus Revolt

Post  Sponsored content


Sponsored content


Back to top Go down

View previous topic View next topic Back to top


 
Permissions in this forum:
You cannot reply to topics in this forum