The Tennis Court Oath

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The Tennis Court Oath

Post  Paola fix on Sun Dec 05, 2010 8:00 pm

During the French revolution, France, like many other countries in Europe had a social system that started in the middle ages, First, second, and third estates. The Tennis Court Oath represented the third estate who were the middle class or also known as the bourgeoisie. However not all were included only men who owned property could vote,These men were mostly the lawyers, middle class officials, and writers. They also knew the writings of Voltaire, Rousseau, and other philosophes from the time of the Enlightenment. They had gone to Versailles for two reasons, one to try and solve their economic troubles and the other to demand on reform. The Estates General came together in May 1789. From the beginning the representatives were stopped over the issue of voting, it was mostly a tradition that each state met and voted separately. Each of the groups had one vote. This organization, caused the First and Second estates to outvote the Third Estate, it was two against one. Later the third Estate wanted all of the three estates to meet in a single place with the votes counted "by head". This took a couple of weeks to untie, when finally the delegates of the Third Estate to a risky step. They declared themselves as representatives of the French people, they were named the National Assembly. They wanted to write a constitution, where would stand the basic rules and laws of government, they did this with the help of delegates from the other estates. The National Assembly found themselves locked out and guarded from their meeting halls. They thought that the king wanted to banish them, so with fear they gathered to what was a nearby indoor tennis court. Curious viewers carried on searching, when they finally came with their famous Tennis Court Oath, Where they had sworn "never to separate and to meet wherever the circumstances might require until we have established a sound and just constitution." When some improved clergy and nobles entered the Assembly hesitantly accepted it. In short notice, their was rumors that were gathered once royal troops settled around Paris, saying that the king had planned to get rid of the Assembly. The crisis became worse, when rumors continued in early July. The king had brought back his adviser, Jacques Necker to be in-charge of the financial crisis going on, and again got rid of the well-known clergyman. Besides this crises the lack of food in Paris had gotten worse caused by the catastrophic harvest of 1788.

* What could have possibly happened if the king did not accept the other reformers to the Assembly?

**Source** (Text book!)
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Paola fix
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